Its important to appreciate that you dont have to be flat-footed to suffer from over-pronation! In fact, the vast majority of people with a 'normal- to-low arch suffer from over-pronation. Interestingly, the arches may appear quite normal when sitting (or even standing up-right), but when we start to walk the problem of over-pronation becomes evidentwith every step we take the arches collapse and the ankles roll inwards. Over-pronation can be caused by a number of factors. Weak ankle muscles, being over-weight, pregnancy, age or repetitive pounding on hard surfaces (like pavements and concrete floors) can all lead to over-pronation. Over-pronation is also very common with athletes, especially runners. Ditch high heels that wedge your feet into tiny spaces and cause you to balance on a skinny, spike heels. Heels alter your center of gravity and alignment and wearing them on a regular basis can render your arches almost useless. If you must wear heels, choose those with a wide width and box heel and wear them for short periods of time only, suggests the Health Mad website. Keep "commuter" shoes with you that you can change into when you're done wearing your heels. Step 4 Aug 10, 2011 By L. T. Davidson Photo Caption Plantar fasciitis causes significant arch soreness and is extremely common. Photo Credit Jupiterimages/Creatas/Getty Images This type is specifically designed for work shoes and when a full day on the feet is the order of the day. They work by correcting the alignment of the feet, and give extra support and cushioning. They are designed to fit more comfortably into slightly restrictive work shoes, and smarter shoe styles. Whilst excellent for anyone with fallen arches , anyone can benefit from the extra cushioning and support they provide, and are especially good for anyone who has tired feet at the end of the day. Try to do this exercise at least ten times in each sitting. Support your arches so they can support you! Another approach to treating flatfoot is with the use of Prolotherapy This strange treatment involves injecting a substance into the foot ligaments which actually causes a localized inflammation. The resulting inflammation activates the body's natural healing mechanisms, creating new collagen. As the collagen matures, it shrinks-and the ligament that was injected becomes stronger-thus reducing pain and tendon weakness. The arch of the foot is formed by the tarsal and metatarsal bones and strengthened by ligaments and tendons. It allows the foot to support the weight of the body in the erect posture with the least weight. Congenital vertical talus — Although surgery usually can correct poor alignment of foot bones, many children with congenital vertical talus have underlying disorders that cause muscle weakness or other problems that interfere with full recovery. Tarsal coalition — When shoe modifications are not effective, casting may help. When surgery is necessary, the prognosis depends on many factors, including which bones are fused, the specific type of surgery and whether there is any arthritis in the foot joints. njuries incurred during sports activities are incidents that athletesand coaches are accustomed to. These injuries can not only be painfulfor the athlete, but in many cases can disable the entire team. As people approach their forties or fifties the poor foot function gives way to over-pronation resulting in excessive wear and tear of the feet, ankle and knee joints as well as the lower back. Mostly people accept these changes as normal signs of ageing, not realizing that the signs could be due to the fallen arches ! With Plantar Fasciitis, the most common condition caused by over-pronation, the feet flatten and cause the fibrous band of ligaments under the feet to over stretch, resulting in a Heel Spur is a bony growth on the heel. This growth triggers chronic heel pain in the surrounding tissues that get inflamed. Michelle Zehr started writing professionally in 2009. She has written on health, fitness, fashion, interior design, home decorating,sports and finance for several websites. Zehr possesses a Bachelor of Arts in communication from the University of Pittsburgh, a Master of Arts in professional writing from Chatham University and a graduate certificate in health promotion from California University of Pennsylvania. When shopping for motion control running shoes, the main pitfall you will come across is the heel-height increase as a result of the plastic wedge placed in the shoe to combat your fallen arches. This increased heel height may lead to unsteady walking and the potential for ankle injuries. Where to Buy Shoes. Due to the common occurrence of this foot complex it is not a wonder that many shoe brands manufacture footwear designed for these people. For those who have flat feet issues, looking for these kinds of shoes is really advisable. Shoes that have better fit can be found everywhere today. Another important consideration is looking for shoes that have arch supports; these can be found in counters or can be acquired from clinics or doctors themselves. Another study of 246 US Army recruits found that trainees with low or flat arches actually had a lower risk of injury than those trainees with high arches during their 12-week infantry training. There are two types of flatfeet. Flexible flatfoot means that the foot has some arch, even if it only appears when the person flexes the feet or stands on the toes. This is a normal condition that is generally painless and does not require treatment. Stiff, inflexible, or painful flatfoot is an abnormal condition and may indicate a bone abnormality in the foot, a disease, or an injury. For many people, over-pronation doesn't create a real problem, especially for younger people. Nevertheless, irregular foot function caused by over-pronation can lead to various problems like plantar fasciitis, heel pain, heel spurs, metatarsalgia - even knee pain and low back pain!